Drip irrigation is highly suitable for a variety of regions in Sindh, where crop yield is low and irrigation water wastage is far more than acceptable limits. The province of Sindh is blessed with fertile land; most of it does not get adequate water for crop growing. The Drip Irrigation System is the most appropriate and resourceful form of irrigation where the conventional irrigation water is not present for cultivation in regions such as Thar (Tharparkar & Umerkot), Nara (Sanghar, Khairpur, Ghotki and Sukkur), Katchho and Kohistan (Dadu and Thatta).
Drip irrigation technology has been developed to maximize profits, optimize resource use such as water, fertilizer, pesticides, reduce risk and improve the livelihood of farmers. It has proved to be a thriving system and approach to convert unexploited and idle land into cultivation as well with great success around the globe. According to Pakistan’s latest economic survey released in June 2011, Agriculture continues to be the single largest sector of economy providing source of revenue to 66 percent of country’s 180 million populations. Agriculture accounts for 20.9 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs 43.4 percent of the total work force in the Pakistan.
The total cultivated area in Sindh is 5.45 million hectares (13.45 million acres) and 57 percent of this land i.e.3.10 million hectares (7.66 million acres) does not get the required water due to multiple reasons. The prosperity of Sindh province which is largely an agro economy is profoundly dependent on the supply of irrigation water from the river Indus or through other means such as tube-wells, drip irrigation etc. Presently the inopportune farmers can not afford the drip irrigation system due to its lofty commercial cost that is supplemented by huge profit margins.
In order to make the drip Irrigation system an affordable mean for a vast majority of farmers for conversion of their existing un-exploited and un-used land into cultivation and to tap the tremendous potential, SBI, GoS has taken a lead responsibility in the overall economic interest for overcoming the current water crisis and also to develop an in house capability for manufacturing, installation, after sales services of all components of Drip Irrigation System to alleviate the poverty and improve the living of people in the rural areas of the province.